Solar Pool Heating Systems

Solar Pool Heating Systems

Solar Pool heating  can easily add months to your swimming season. Solar heating works by collecting free energy from the sun and transferring it to your pool, solar pool heaters allow you to open your pool earlier, and keep your pool open long after your neighbors have closed theirs up for the season.

With a Solar Pool Heating System, you’ll get the satisfaction of knowing that you’re heating your pool with the most cost-effective, cleanest, most environmentally friendly source of energy there is…the sun!

 

Cost Effective

Installing a Solar Pool heating System Will significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs. They’re cost competitive with both gas and heat pump pool heaters, and they have very low annual operating costs. Actually, solar pool heating is the most cost-effective use of solar energy in many climates.

An example of a solar pool heater

 

 Solar Equipment

Most Solar Pool Heating Systems require the following:

Solar Collector - the device through which pool water is circulated to be heated by the sun.

Filter – removes debris before water is pumped through the collector.

Pump – circulates water through the filter and collector and backs to the pool.

A Flow Control Valve –  Automatic or manual device that diverts pool water through the solar collector.  Pool water is pumped through the filter and then through the solar collector(s), where it is heated before it is returned to the pool. In hot climates, the collector(s) can also be used to cool the pool during peak summer months by circulating the water through the collector(s) at night.

Some systems include sensors and an automatic or manual valve to divert water through the collector(s) when the collector temperature is sufficiently greater than the pool temperature. When the collector temperature is similar to the pool temperature, filtered water simply bypasses the collector(s) and is returned to the pool.

Solar pool collectors are made out of different materials. The type you’ll need depends on your climate and how you intend to use the collector. If you’ll only be using your pool when temperatures are above freezing, then you’ll probably only need an unglazed collector system. Unglazed collectors don’t include a glass covering (glazing). They are generally made of heavy-duty rubber or plastic treated with an ultraviolet (UV) light inhibitor to extend the life of the panels. Because of their inexpensive parts and simple design, unglazed collectors are usually less expensive than glazed collectors. These unglazed systems can even work for indoor pools in cold climates if the system is designed to drain back to the pool when not in use. Even if you have to shut the system down during cold weather, unglazed collectors may be more cost effective than installing a more expensive glazed collector system.

Glazed collector systems are generally made of copper tubing on an aluminum plate with an iron-tempered glass covering, which increases their cost. In colder weather, glazed collector systems—with heat exchangers and transfer fluids—capture solar heat more efficiently than unglazed systems.   Thus, they can be used year-round in many climates. Glazed collectors also can be used to heat domestic hot water year-round.

Both glazed and unglazed collector systems should include freeze protection if they’ll be used in colder conditions.

EVALUATING YOUR SITE’S SOLAR RESOURCE

Before installing a Solar Pool Heating System, you first need to consider your site’s solar resource. The efficiency and design of a solar pool heater depends on how much of the sun’s energy reaches your building site.

Solar pool heating systems use both direct and diffuse solar radiation. Therefore, even if you don’t live in a climate that’s warm and sunny most of the time – like the southwestern United States­- your site still might have an adequate solar resource. Basically, if your building site has un-shaded areas and generally faces south, it’s a good candidate for a solar pool heating system. Your local solar system supplier or installer can perform a solar site analysis.

Solar system contractors use worksheets and computer programs to help determine system requirements and collector sizing.

Basically, the surface area of your solar collector should equal 50%–100% of the surface area of your pool. In cooler and cloudier areas, you may need to increase the ratio between the collector area and the pool surface area. Adding collector square footage also lengthens the swimming season.

For example in northern California, most people use outdoor pools 6–8 months per year, so they typically size their systems at 60%–70% of the pool’s surface area.

In any climate, you can usually decrease the required collector area by using a pool cover.

You’ll also want a properly sized pool pump for a solar system. If you’re replacing a conventional pool heating system with a solar system, you may need a pump larger than your current one or a separate, smaller pump to move the pool’s water to and through the collectors. Collectors can be mounted on roofs or anywhere near the swimming pool that provides the proper exposure, orientation, and tilt toward the sun. Both the orientation and tilt of the collector will affect your solar pool heating system’s performance. Your contractor should consider them while evaluating your site’s solar resource and sizing your system.

Solar pool heater collectors should be oriented geographically to maximize the amount of daily and seasonal solar energy that they receive. In general, the optimum orientation for a solar collector in the northern hemisphere is true south. However, recent studies have shown that, depending on your location and collector tilt, your collector can face up to 45º east or west of true south without significantly decreasing its performance. You’ll also want to consider factors such as roof orientation (if you plan to mount the collector on your roof), local landscape features that shade the collector daily or seasonally, and local weather conditions (foggy mornings or cloudy afternoons), as these factors may affect your collector’s optimal orientation.

You can usually mount collectors flat on your roof, which might not be at the optimum angle but more aesthetically pleasing. You will, however, want to take roof angle into account when sizing your system.

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

The proper installation of a solar pool heating system depends on many factors. These factors include solar resource, climate, local building code requirements, and safety issues. Therefore, it’s best to have a qualified solar thermal systems contractor install your system.

A solar pool heater is clean, easy, cost effective, and gives your family and friends more swimming fun every year.

How Gunite and Shotcrete Pools Are Made.

 

LOGO

Gunite pools are easily, the most popular Swimming Pools in Southren Califorina. Gunite pools (and their cousins,Shotcrete pools) are highly durable, and can be built in any shape or size. Here I will give you an outline of the process at Universal Pool and Spa’s San Pedro Job site in Los Angeles County.  How Gunite and Shotcrete Swimming Pools are created: We dig a hole, put the plumbing in place and assemble a framework grid with 3/8-inch steel rebar. The rebar rods are spaced about 10 inches apart, and secured together with wire.

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When this foundation grid is in place, the crew sprays a coating of gunite which is a mixture of cement and sand, around the rebar. The sprayer unit combines dry gunite mix with water just before spraying — this produces the wet concrete material. Universal Pool and Spa Has it’s own Gunite/Shotcrete equipment so we can keep everything in house.
IMG_0056 Below is a short video of concrete being pneumatically applied to a swimming pool wall Recently at our San Pedro, California  Jobsite.

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With both Shotcrete and Gunite, the entire concrete mixture is combined at the concrete plant, including the water in the mixture, before being transported to the jobsite in concrete trucks. This is the same procedure that is used for the more traditional concrete with the exception of the lower water content in the Shotcrete/Gunite mixture.IMG_0043

Once the concrete arrives at the jobsite, it is poured into the pump,IMG_0060and sprayed under pressure into place in layers through a back-and-forth motion of the nozzle.IMG_0057 The Shotcrete application continues until the designed wall thickness is achieved. Shotcrete has a higher amount of cement and a lower amount of water than that of regular concrete. The formula results in a concrete mix that is dry enough to be applied to vertical surfaces such as pool walls.
The crew trowels the gunite smooth and lets it sit for a week or two before applying a smooth finish to the rough surface.IMG_0062

Shotcrete and gunite products have been used to create tunnels through mountains for roadways for decades. Many of the interstate tunnels you may have driven through were constructed using these forms of concrete.IMG_0006

Both Shotcrete and Gunite are what is referred to as “Free Form” applications of concrete. Free form, by its very nature, enables concrete to be used to create very strong and water tight structures following any design shape. Call us (818) 347-6657 or email us  if you need a quote. We would love to help you with your designs and answer any questions you may have.

 

Inground Swimming Pool Plumbing

Inground Swimming Pool Plumbing
When it comes to a new swimming pool project, the size of the plumbing is the most important aspect you should know about. The movement of the water that goes to and from your swimming pool depends on pipe size. This is more important than pump size. You can’t put a larger pump on a pool with a smaller pipe, but you can put a larger pump on a pool with larger pipe. You would be better off with 2.5” plumbing and a ¾ h.p. pump than 1.5” h.p. pump. This is due to the volume that flows through the larger pipes vs. the smaller ones.
If you did swimming pool plumbing in 1.5” pipe and tried to put a 2 h.p. full rated pump on it for circulation, you would actually put a stain on the pump due to the force of trying to move more water than the pipes are capable of moving. This is called cavitation vibration, noise and potential damage to your pool equipment. You will also experience a drop in the pumps efficiency and the pump will not be able to achieve its regular pressure.
You should consider if a 1.5” pipe moves ½ as much water as a 3” pipe. Logically 1.5” x 2 = 3 right? So you assume this is right, right? Wrong actually, a 3” pipe move 275 gpm vs. 85 gpm for the 1.5” or over three times the amount.
We at Universal Pool and Spa are your go-to professionals when it comes to swimming pool plumbing. For more information on swimming pool plumbing or if you are interested in having a swimming pool built on your property, please feel free to call us anytime for a free design quote and consultation. (818)347-6657. We also remodel homes, check out our web site: http://www.universalgroupinc.com